, 2002). Further research must be carried out in order to elucidate the mechanisms of anthocyanin Ixazomib degradation during ohmic heating and confirm the hypothesis suggested in this work; future experiments should be conducted using lower voltages. A new system is being currently developed in our laboratory, which will allow us to evaluate lower voltages combined with different frequency ranges. This article presents a study concerning anthocyanin degradation during the thermal treatment of blueberry pulp using ohmic and conventional heating. For the ohmic heating experiments, the effects of the voltage and the solids content were evaluated. Most of the independent variables – quadratic and linear voltage
variables, the linear solids content variable and the interaction variable – had significant effects on the response values, the exception being the quadratic effect of the solids content. A second-order polynomial model was obtained, and the equation shows that anthocyanin degradation increases as both parameters analyzed increases. The level of degradation varied from 5.7 to 14.7% for the ohmic this website heating experiments, and for the conventional heating experiment, the level of degradation was 7.2%. The percentage of anthocyanin degradation was similar or even lower than those obtained with conventional heating when the ohmic heating process was used with low voltage gradients. When higher voltage gradients were applied,
the levels of degradation were greater for the ohmic-heated pulp. These results might be explained by electrochemical reactions that are catalyzed by high voltages. The results emphasize the importance of the use of inert materials in electrodes and electrode coatings or the use of high frequency power
to limit electrochemical reactions. The authors acknowledge the financial support received from CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) and CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior). “
“Mangiferin (1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy-2-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]xanthen-9-one) (MGN) (Fig. 1) is a naturally occurring polyphenol in several fruits, one being Mangifera indica L. (common name: mango), one of the most popular tropical fruit-bearing trees in the world ( Barreto et al., RANTES 2008). The interest in MGN stems from its wide range of biological actions, for instance, gastroprotective ( Carvalho et al., 2007), analgesic ( Dar et al., 2005), antibacterial ( Duang, Wang, Zhou, & Huang, 2011) together with cytoprotective ( Pardo-Andreu et al., 2006). The therapeutic potential of MGN has been investigated in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis ( Carvalho et al., 2009). A wide spectra of these properties have been attributed to its antioxidant properties, being MGN the major component (10–20%) of the aqueous formulation named Vimang® used in Cuba ( Garrido, González, Romay, Núñez-Sellés, & Delgado, 2008).