have demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of tariquidar on dru

have demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of tariquidar on drug efflux in vitro persists for over two hours [15]. In healthy volunteers, a dose of 2 mg/kg i.v. or ≥ 200 mg orally, resulted in 100% inhibition of ABCB1 in CD56+ lymphocytes for over 24 hours. The maximal effect was observed

between 2 and 6 hours after administration of tariquidar. In the current study, tariquidar was administered 30 minutes prior to imatinib administration in an effort to ensure sufficient distribution and inhibitory effects. Conclusion In conclusion, oral administration of tariquidar prior to oral imatinib resulted in increased imatinib exposure in plasma and tissues, including brain. The increase in brain exposure appears to be directly related to the increase in plasma concentrations of the drug, at a dose comparable to that used #Selleckchem Evofosfamide randurls[1|1|,|CHEM1|]# clinically. This further substantiates the possibility buy OSI-906 that

ABC transporters localized in the blood brain barrier are more resistant to inhibition than at other tissue sites such as the intestine and liver [20]. In a clinical setting, the currently observed increase in plasma AUC could result in increased toxicity, as has been observed previously with the use of ABCB1 inhibitors [21]. One strategy that has been employed is dose reduction prior to combining the ABCB1 and ABCG2 substrate with the transporter inhibitor to avoid this toxicity. Based on our findings, simply doubling the dose of imatinib without addition of an inhibitor would likely result in a similar increase Chloroambucil in overall brain exposure, due to increased plasma concentrations of drug. It should be anticipated that inhibition of ABCB1 and ABCG2 function at the blood-brain barrier will not result in a selective increase in brain penetration or improved clinical outcome, beyond that achieved through

dose-escalation. Acknowledgements This project has been funded in whole or in part with federal funds from the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, under contract N01-CO-12400.* The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. This work was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Cancer Institute, Center for Cancer Research. *E. R. Gardner References 1. Peng B, Lloyd P, Schran H: Clinical pharmacokinetics of imatinib. Clin Pharmacokinet 2005, 44: 879–894.CrossRefPubMed 2. Reardon DA, Egorin MJ, Quinn JA, Rich JN, Gururangan S, Vredenburgh JJ, Desjardins A, Sathornsumetee S, Provenzale JM, Herndon JE 2nd, Dowell JM, Badruddoja MA, McLendon RE, Lagattuta TF, Kicielinski KP, Dresemann G, Sampson JH, Friedman AH, Salvado AJ, Friedman HS: Phase II study of imatinib mesylate plus hydroxyurea in adults with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. J Clin Oncol 2005, 23: 9359–9368.CrossRefPubMed 3.

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